Resources

Resources in Higher Education

Below you will find resources on higher education, education in general, remediation and developmental education, psychology, science, and related fields that I have used in my teaching, presenting, papers, or for interesting reading. However, much of it revolves around community college data. Most are in APA 7th edition format, and there are sure to be errors. Most also have links in case you wish to find and read them. They are in order by category, but this is an on-going process. This page will also be updated regularly once new articles are located and cited. If you have more to share, please contact me here or post them here.

Update

NOSS 2020 Nashville Presentation on False Narratives

2020FalseNarrativesNOSS

NOSS 2020 Nashville Preconference Workshop

2020MultipleMeasuresNOSSPreconfWksp

Recent Presentations

Goudas, A. M. (2019, March 7). Rorschach data: Why USDOE IES NCES research showing high remedial graduation rates has been ignored [Conference session]. National Association for Developmental Education Conference, Atlanta, GA, United States. 2019GoudasNADERorschachData

Goudas, A. M. (2019, February 14). Data, won’t you be my Valentine? How to lovingly collect, interpret, and analyze
data in higher education [Webinar]. National Association for Developmental Education. 2019GoudasNADEWebinarDataPDF

Goudas, A. M. (2018, November 9). You have an effective reform, but how do you collaborate with decision-makers to implement it? [Keynote address]. National Learning Communities Conference, Bay City, MI, United States. 2018GoudasNLCCCollaboration

Goudas, A. M. (2018, September 27). The 4 C’s to collaborate: Communicate, comprehend, compromise, and cooperate [Keynote address]. Minnesota Association for Developmental Education Conference, Brainerd, MN, United States. 2018GoudasMNADE4CsCollaboration

Goudas, A. M. (2018, February 8). No one is an island: How to implement and integrate holistic reform using spectrum thinking [Keynote address]. Georgia Association for Developmental Education Conference, St. Simons Island, GA, United States. 2018GoudasGADESpectrumThinking

Goudas, A. M. (2018, January 26). Multiple measures for college placement: Important factors to consider [PowerPoint slides]. Arizona Association for Developmental Education Conference, Phoenix, AZ, United States. 2018MultipleMeasuresGoudasAADEJan

Goudas, A. M. (2017, September 29). We know what works, so now let’s do it: How to implement holistic reform using spectrum thinking [Keynote address]. Minnesota State System Conference, Brainerd, MN, United States. 2017GoudasMNStateSystemWeKnowWhatWorks

Goudas, A. M. (2017, March 3). Corequisites: The good, the bad, and the ugly [Concurrent session]. National Association for Developmental Education Conference, Oklahoma City, OK, United States. GoudasNADEPresentationCoreqsWebVersion2017

Goudas, A. M. (2016, March 31). Using high school GPA for college placement: The benefits and unintended consequences [Keynote address]. Michigan Developmental Education Consortium Conference, Bay City, MI, United States. GoudasMDECUsingHSGPAforPlacementApr2016

Articles, Books, and Papers

Pre-K

Bayol, S. A., Simbi, B. H., Bertrand J. A., & Stickland, N. C. (2008). Offspring from mothers fed a ‘junk food’ diet in pregnancy and lactation exhibit exacerbated adiposity that is more pronounced in females. The Journal of Physiology, 586(13), 3219–3230. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2538787/pdf/tjp0586-3219.pdf

Burchinal, M. R., Campbell, F. A., Bryant, D. M., Wasik, B. H., & Ramey, C. T. (1997). Early intervention and mediating processes in cognitive performance of children of low-income African American families. Child Development, 68(5), 935–954.

Campbell, F. A., Pungello, E. P., Miller-Johnson, S., Burchinal, M., & Ramey, C. T. (2001). The development of cognitive and academic abilities: Growth curves from an early childhood educational experiment. Developmental Psychology, 37(2), 231–242.

Chetty, R., Hendren, N. Lin, F., Majerovitz, J., & Scuderi, B. (2016). Childhood environment and gender gaps in adulthood. (NBER Working Paper No. 21936). National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w21936

Childhood lead exposure and educational outcomes (Issue Brief). (2013). National Center for Healthy Housing. http://www.nchh.org/Portals/0/Contents/Childhood_Lead_Exposure.pdf 

Dobbs, D. (2013, December 16). Terrible twos who stay terrible. The New York Times. http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/16/terrible-twos-who-stay-terrible/

Francis, D., Diorio, J., Liu, D., & Meaney, M. J. (1999). Nongenomic transmission across generations of maternal behavior and stress responses in the rat. Science, 286, 1155–1158.

Hart, B., & Risley, T. (2003). The early catastrophe: The 30 million word gap by age 3. American Educator, Spring, 4–9. https://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/periodicals/TheEarlyCatastrophe.pdf

Schweinhart, L. J. (2003). Benefits, costs, and explanation of the High/Scope Perry preschool program. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED475597.pdf

Skoe, E., Krizman, J., & Kraus, N. (2013). The impoverished brain: Disparities in maternal education affect the neural response to sound. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(44), 17221–17231. http://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/44/17221

Sperry, D. E., Sperry, L. L., & Miller, P. J. (2018). Reexamining the verbal environments of children from different socioeconomic backgrounds. Child Development. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cdev.13072

K-12

Campbell, F. A., & Ramey, C. T. (1995). Cognitive and school outcomes for high-risk African American students at middle adolescence: Positive effects of early intervention. American Educational Research Journal, 32(4), 743–772. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.3102/00028312032004743

Carey K., & Harris E. A. (2016, December 16). It turns out spending more probably does improve education. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/12/nyregion/it-turns-out-spending-more-probably-does-improve-education.html

Goodlad, J. I. (1984). A Place Called School: Prospects for the Future. McGraw-Hill.

Heckman, J. J., & LaFontaine, P. A. (2010). The American high school graduation rate: Trends and Levels. The Review of Economics and Statistics 92(2): 244–262. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2900934/pdf/nihms-117813.pdf

Kraus, J., Slater, J., Thompson, E. C., Hornickel, J., Strait, D. L., Nicol, T., & White-Schwoch, T. (2014). Music enrichment programs improve the neural encoding of speech in at-risk children. The Journal of Neuroscience, 34(36), 11913–11918. http://www.jneurosci.org/content/34/36/11913

Kristoff, N., & WuDunn, S. (2014, September 12). The way to beat poverty. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/14/opinion/sunday/nicholas-kristof-the-way-to-beat-poverty.html

Nord, C., Roey, S., Perkins, R., Lyons, M., Lemanski, N., Brown, J., & Schuknecht, J. (2011). The nation’s report card: America’s high school graduates (NCES 2011–462). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/studies/2011462.pdf

Read for success: Combating the summer learning slide in America. (2015). Reading Is Fundamental. https://www.rif.org/sites/default/files/RIF-Read_for_Success-Results.pdf

Reuschel, J. C. (2009). A comparative study of high school academic paths, grade point averages, and ACT composite scores as predictors of success at Walters State Community College [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. East Tennessee State University. http://dc.etsu.edu/etd/1847

Shukman, David. (2011, April 25). IQ test motivation—not just intelligence. BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-13156817

Tough, P. (2012). How children succeed: Grit, curiosity, and the hidden power of character. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Turner, C. (2014). This is your brain. This is your brain on music. National Public Radio. http://www.npr.org/blogs/ed/2014/09/10/343681493/this-is-your-brain-this-is-your-brain-on-music

Vigdor, J., & Ladd, H. F. (2010). Scaling the digital divide: Home computer technology and student achievement (CALDER Working Paper No. 48). National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w16078.pdf

Postsecondary

Accelerated Learning Program (ALP). (n.d.). What is ALP exactly? http://alp-deved.org/what-is-alp-exactly/

Adams, P., Gearhart, S., Miller, R., & Roberts, A. (2009). The accelerated learning program: Throwing open the gates. Journal of Basic Writing, 28(2), 50–69. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ877255.pdf

Adelman, C. (1999). Answers in the tool box: Academic intensity, attendance patterns, and bachelor’s degree attainment. National Institute on Postsecondary Education, Libraries, and Lifelong Learning. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED431363.pdf

Adelman, C. (2004). Principal indicators of student academic histories in post-secondary education, 1972–2000. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. https://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/research/pubs/prinindicat/prinindicat.pdf

Aldeman, C. (2009, November 3). Crossing the finish line: College dropouts. Education Policy Center Blog at American Institutes for Research. http://educationpolicy.air.org/edsector-archives/blog/crossing-finish-line-college-dropouts

A matter of degrees: Promising practices for community college student success (a first look). (2012). Center for Community College Student Engagement, The University of Texas at Austin, Community College Leadership Program. https://www.ccsse.org/docs/Matter_of_Degrees.pdf

Anderson, L., & Fulton, M. (2015). Multiple measures for college readiness. Education Commission of the States. http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/01/17/37/11737.pdf

Ariovich, L., & Walker, S. A. (2014). Assessing course redesign: The case of developmental math. Research & Practice in Assessment, 9(Summer), 45–57. http://www.rpajournal.com/dev/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/A3.pdf

Attewell, P., Lavin, D., Domina, T., & Levey, T. (2006). New evidence on college remediation. The Journal of Higher Education, 77(5), 886–924. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.2006.11778948

Bahr, P. R. (2008). Does mathematics remediation work?: A comparative analysis of academic attainment among community college students. Research in Higher Education Journal, 49, 420–450.

Bahr, P. R. (2010). Revisiting the efficacy of postsecondary remediation: The moderating effects of depth/breadth of deficiency. Research in Higher Education Journal, 33(2), 177–205. http://debdavis.pbworks.com/f/revisiting+postsecondary+remediation.pdf

Bowen, W. G., Chingos, M. M., & McPherson, M. S. (2009). Crossing the finish line: Completing college at America’s public universities. Princeton University Press.

Bound, J., Lovenheim, M. F., & Turner, S. (2010). Why have college completion rates declined? An analysis of changing student preparation and collegiate resources. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2(3), 129–157. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21785668

Boylan, H. R., & Bonham, B. S. (Eds.). (2014). Developmental education: Readings on its past, present, and future. Bedford/St. Martins.

Braga, M., Paccagnella, M., & Pellizzari, M. (2011). Evaluating students’ evaluations of professors. Institute for the Study of Labor. http://ftp.iza.org/dp5620.pdf

Carey, K. (2017, October 31). Revised data shows community colleges have been underappreciated. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/31/upshot/revised-data-shows-community-colleges-have-been-underappreciated.html

Chickering, A. W., & Gamson, Z. F. (1987). Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. American Association for Higher Education Bulletin, 3–7. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED282491.pdf

Chen, X. (2016). Remedial coursetaking at U.S. public 2- and 4-year institutions: Scope, experiences, and outcomes (NCES 2016-405). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2016/2016405.pdf

Crede, M., Roch, S. G., & Kieszczynka, U. M. (2010). Class attendance in college: A meta-analytic review of the relationship of class attendance with grades and student characteristics. Review of Educational Research, 80(2), 272–295. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3102/0034654310362998

Cross, P. (1971). Beyond the open door: New students to higher education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Daly, M. C., & Bengali, L. (2014, May 5). Is it still worth going to college? Economic Letter. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2014/may/is-college-worth-it-education-tuition-wages/

Daugherty, L., Gomez, C. J., Carew, D. G., Mendoza-Graf, A., & Miller, T. (2018). Designing and implementing corequisite models of developmental education: Findings from Texas community colleges. RAND Corporation. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2337.html

Deming, D. J., & Walters, C. R. (2017). The impact of price caps and spending cuts on U.S. postsecondary attainment (NBER Working Paper No. 23736). National Bureau of Economic Research. https://www.nber.org/papers/w23736.pdf

Denley, T. (2017). Co-requisite remediation full implementation 2015-16. Tennessee Board of Regents. https://www.tbr.edu/sites/tbr.edu/files/media/2016/12/TBR%20CoRequisite%20Study%20-%20Full%20Implementation%202015-2016.pdf

Edley, C., Jr. (2017, June 5). At Cal State, algebra is a civil rights issue. EdSource. https://edsource.org/2017/at-cal-state-algebra-is-a-civil-rights-issue/582950

Education Commission of the States. (2015, November 10). Core principles for transforming remediation within a comprehensive student success strategy: A joint statement. https://www.insidehighered.com/sites/default/server_files/files/core_principles_nov5.pdf

Fain, P. (2012, February 29). Standardized tests that fail. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/02/29/too-many-community-college-students-are-placing-remedial-classes-studies-find

Field, K. (2015, January 20). 6 years in and 6 to go, only modest progress on Obama’s college-completion goal. The Chronicle of Higher Education. https://www.chronicle.com/article/6-Years-in6-to-Go-Only/151303

Fong, A. B., Huang, M., & Goel, A. M. (2008). Examining the links between grade 12 mathematics coursework and mathematics remediation in Nevada public colleges and universities (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2008–No. 058). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs/regions/west/pdf/REL_2008058.pdf

Fong, K., Melguizo, T., Prather, G., & Bos, J. M. (2013). A different view of how we understand progression through the developmental math trajectory (CCCC Policy Brief #3). Rossier School of Education, University of Southern California: California Community College Collaborative. http://www.uscrossier.org/pullias/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Different_View_Progression_Brief.pdf

Franz , R. S. (1998). Whatever you do, don’t treat your students like customers! Journal of Management Education 22(1), 63–69. http://homepages.se.edu/cvonbergen/files/2013/01/Whatever-You-Do-Dont-Treat-Your-Students-Like-Customers1.pdf

Geiser, S., & Santelices, M. V. (2007). Validity of high-school grades in predicting student success beyond the freshman year (Research and Occasional Paper Series No. CSHE.6.07). University of California, Berkeley, Center for Studies in Higher Education. https://cshe.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/publications/rops.geiser._sat_6.13.07.pdf

Gerlaugh, K., Thompson, L., Boylan, H. R., & Davis, H. (2007). National study of developmental education II: Baseline data for community colleges. Research In Developmental Education, 20(4), 1–4. http://ncde.appstate.edu/sites/ncde.appstate.edu/files/RiDE%2020-4.pdf

Goodman, M. J., Sands, A. M., & Coley, R. J. (2015). America’s skills challenge: Millennials and the future. The ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education. https://www.ets.org/s/research/30079/asc-millennials-and-the-future.pdf

Goudas, A. M. (2018). Editorial: Bait and switch college reforms. Journal of Developmental Education, 42(1), 24–26.

Goudas, A. M. (2018). Rethinking the corequisite model: What is it, why remedial English and mathematics, and what is its net effect? Journal of College Academic Support Programs, 1(2), 48–50. https://digital.library.txstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10877/7923/Issue2-OPED1.pdf

Goudas, A. M. (2019). The corequisite model: Origins, evolution, data, and net effects. National Organization for Student Success Practitioner to Practitioner, 10(1), 3–10. https://thenoss.org/resources/Documents/NOSS%20Practitioner/NOSS%20Practitioner%20to%20Practitioner%20Winter%202019%20first.pdf

Goudas, A. M., & Boylan, H. R. (2012). Knee-jerk reforms on remediation. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2012/06/19/essay-flawed-interpretations-research-remedial-education

Goudas, A. M., & Boylan, H. R. (2012). Addressing flawed research in developmental education. Journal of Developmental Education, 36(1), 2–13. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1035669.pdf

Goudas, A. M., & Boylan, H. R. (2013). A brief response to Bailey, Jaggars, and Scott-Clayton. Journal of Developmental Education, 36(3), 28–32. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1067287.pdf

Graf, N. (2017, May 16). Today’s young workers are more likely than ever to have a bachelor’s degree. The Pew Research Center. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/05/16/todays-young-workers-are-more-likely-than-ever-to-have-a-bachelors-degree/

Grubb, W. N. (with Gabriner, R.). (2013). Basic skills education in community colleges: Inside and outside of classrooms. Routledge.

Gurantz, O., Howell, J., Hurwitz, M., Larson, C., Pender, M., & White, B. (2019). Realizing your college potential? Impacts of College Board’s RYCP campaign on postsecondary enrollment (EdWorkingPaper No. 19-40). Annenberg Institute at Brown University. http://www.edworkingpapers.com/sites/default/files/ai19-40_v1.pdf

Hadden, C. (2000). The ironies of mandatory placement. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 24, 823–838. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.580.4344&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Hanford, E. (2016, August 18). Stuck at square one: College students increasingly caught in remedial education trap. American Public Media. https://www.apmreports.org/story/2016/08/18/remedial-education-trap

Hanford, E. (2017, February 3). Trying to solve a bigger math problem. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/03/education/edlife/accuplacer-placement-test-math-algebra.html

Hesser, T. L., & Gregory, J. L. (2016). Instructional support sessions in chemistry: Alternative to remediation. Journal of Developmental Education, 39(3), 22–28. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1130190.pdf

Hern, K. (2011). Accelerated English at Chabot College: A synthesis of key findings. California Acceleration Project. http://cap.3csn.org/files/2012/02/Chabot-Accelerated-English-Synthesis1.pdf

Highest educational levels reached by adults in the U.S. since 1940 [Release number: CB17-51]. (2017, March 30). The U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2017/cb17-51.html

How does the ASAP model align with guided pathways implementation in community colleges? (2016). MDRC. https://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/ASAP-GP_Brief_December.pdf

How grade point average correlates to various personal characteristics. (2010). Diversity & Democracy, 13(3), 21. https://www.aacu.org/publications-research/periodicals/how-grade-point-average-correlates-various-personal

Hoxby, C., & Avery, C. (2013). The missing “one-offs”: The hidden supply of high-achieving, low-income students (NBER Working Paper No. 18586). National Bureau of Economic Research. https://www.nber.org/papers/w18586.pdf

Hu, S., Park, T., Mokher, C., Spencer, H., Hu, X., & Jones, T. B. (2019). Increasing momentum for student success: Developmental education redesign and student progress in Florida. Center for Postsecondary Success, Florida State University. http://fsu.digital.flvc.org/islandora/object/fsu%3A640590

Hu, S., Park, T. J., Woods, C. S., Tandberg, D. A., Richard, K., & Hankerson, D. (2016). Investigating developmental and college-level course enrollment and passing before and after Florida’s developmental education reform (REL 2017–203). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs/regions/southeast/pdf/REL_2017203.pdf

Ifill, N., Radford, A. W., Wu, J., Cataldi, E. F., Wilson, D., & Hill, J. (2016). Persistence and attainment of 2011–12 first time postsecondary students after 3 years (BPS:12/14) (NCES 2016-401). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2016/2016401.pdf

Johnson, J., Rochkind, J., Ott, A. N., & DuPont, S. (2011). With their whole lives ahead of them: Myths and realities about why so many students fail to finish college. Public Agenda. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED507432.pdf

Jones, T., & Assalone, A. (2016). Not just faster: Equity and learning centered developmental education strategies. Southern Education Foundation. https://www.southerneducation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Not-Just-Faster-Report.pdf

Juszkiewicz, J. (2015, March). Trends in community college enrollment and completion data. American Association of Community Colleges. https://www.aacc.nche.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/TrendsCCEnrollment_Final2016.pdf

Kane, T. J., Boatman, A., Kozakowski, W., Bennett, C., Hitch, R., & Weisenfeld, D. (2020). Is college remediation a barrier or a boost? Education Next, 20(2). https://www.educationnext.org/college-remediation-barrier-boost-evidence-from-tennessee/

Kirp, D. L. (2014, January 8). How to help college students graduate. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/09/opinion/how-to-help-college-students-graduate.html

Lamb, E. (2016, March 29). It doesn’t add up. Slate. http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/education/2016/03/andrew_hacker_s_the_math_myth_is_a_great_example_of_mathematics_illiteracy.html

Levin, H. M., & Garcia, E. (2013). Benefit-cost analysis of accelerated study in associate programs (ASAP) of the City University of New York (CUNY). Center for Benefit-Cost Studies in Education, Teachers College, Columbia University. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/opportunity/pdf/Levin_ASAP_Benefit_Cost_Report_FINAL_05212013.pdf

Linderman, D., & Kolenovic, Z. (2012). Results thus far and the road ahead: A follow-up report on CUNY accelerated study in associate programs (ASAP). Center for Economic Opportunity. http://www1.cuny.edu/sites/asap/wp-content/uploads/sites/8/2014/06/ASAP_Followup_Report_PDF.pdf

Logue, A. W. (2018, July 17). The extensive evidence of co-requisite remediation’s effectiveness. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2018/07/17/data-already-tell-us-how-effective-co-requisite-education-opinion

Logue, A. W., Watanabe-Rose, M., & Douglas, D. (2017). Reforming remediation: College students mainstreamed into statistics are more likely to succeed. Education Next, 17(2). http://educationnext.org/reforming-remediation-college-students-mainstreamed-success-cuny/

Logue, A. W., Watanabe-Rose, M., & Douglas, D. (2016). Should students assessed as needing remedial mathematics take college-level quantitative courses instead? A randomized controlled trial. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 38(3), 578–598. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.3102/0162373716649056

Long, B. T. (2007). Remediation at community colleges: Student participation and outcomes [PowerPoint slides]. https://www.ets.org/Media/Research/pdf/conf_achgap_cc_long.pdf

Lu, A. (2013, July 25). 1 in 5 freshmen need remedial courses, but do they work? USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/07/25/stateline-remedial-education/2586013/

Mangan, K. (2016, April 11). Streamlining the path to completion. The Chronicle of Higher Education. http://chronicle.com/article/Streamlining-the-Path-to/236053

Miller, C., Headlam, C., Manno, M., & Cullinan, D. (2020). Increasing community college graduation rates with a proven model: Three-year results from the Accelerated Study in Associate Programs (ASAP) Ohio demonstration. MDRC. https://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/ASAP_OH_3yr_Impact_Report_1.pdf

Nadworny, E. (2019, July 9). These are the people struggling the most to pay back student loans. National Public Radio. https://www.npr.org/2019/07/09/738985632/these-are-the-people-struggling-the-most-to-pay-back-student-loans

Nellum, C. J., & Hartle, T. W. (2016). Where have all the low-income students gone? American Council on Education. http://static.politico.com/49/73/624217574fc19fbe6d4d3a0100d0/aces-membership-magazine-article-on-low-income-students.pdf

Noble, J. P., & Sawyer, R. (2013). A study of the effectiveness of developmental courses for improving success in college. ACT Research Report Series. http://www.act.org/content/dam/act/unsecured/documents/ACT_RR2013-1.pdf

Noble, J. P., Schiel, J. L., & Sawyer, R. L. (2004). Assessment and college course placement: Matching students with appropriate instruction. In J. E. Wall & G. R. Walz (Eds.), Measuring up: Assessment issues for teachers, counselors, and administrators (pp. 297–311). ERIC Counseling & Student Services Clearinghouse and the National Board of Certified Counselors. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED480056.pdf

Nodine, T. (2010). One-shot deal? Students’ perceptions of assessment and course placement in California’s community colleges. WestEd. https://www.wested.org/online_pubs/oneshotdeal.pdf

Oklahoma State System of Higher Education. (2016). Corequisite at scale guidance. http://www.okhighered.org/complete-college-america/corequisite-at-scale-docs/corequisite-at-scale-guidance.pdf

Oreopoulos, P., & Petronijevic, U. (2019). The remarkable unresponsiveness of college students to nudging and what we can learn from it (NBER Working Paper No. 26059). National Bureau of Economic Research. https://www.nber.org/papers/w26059

Pain, K. D. (2016). Voluntary remediation in Florida: Will it blaze a new trail or stop student pathways? Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 40(11), 927–941. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10668926.2015.1134361

Parker, S., Traver, A. E., & Cornick, J. (2018). Contextualizing developmental math content into introduction to sociology in community colleges. Teaching Sociology, 46(1), 25–33. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0092055X17714853

Perez-Pena, R. (2012, July 20). The new community college try. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/education/edlife/the-new-community-college-cunys-multimillion-dollar-experiment-in-education.html

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Xu, D. (2016). Assistance or obstacle? The impact of different levels of English developmental education on
underprepared students in community colleges. Educational Researcher, 45(9), 496–507. http://ccrc.tc.columbia.edu/publications/assistance-or-obstacle-impact-different-levels-english-developmental-education-underprepared-students-community-colleges.html

Zeidenberg, M., Jenkins, D., & Scott, M. A. (2012). Not just math and English: Courses that pose obstacles to community college completion (CCRC Working Paper No. 52). Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University. http://ccrc.tc.columbia.edu/media/k2/attachments/not-just-math-and-english.pdf

THe Condition of Education Reports

Kena, G., Aud, S., Johnson, F., Wang, X., Zhang, J., Rathbun, A., Wilkinson-Flicker, S., & Kristapovich, P. (2014). The condition of education 2014 (NCES 2014-083). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2014/2014083.pdf

Kena, G., Musu-Gillette, L., Robinson, J., Wang, X., Rathbun, A., Zhang, J., Wilkinson-Flicker, S., Barmer, A., and Dunlop Velez, E. (2015). The condition of education 2015 (NCES 2015-144). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2015/2015144.pdf

Kena, G., Hussar W., McFarland J., de Brey C., Musu-Gillette, L., Wang, X., Zhang, J., Rathbun, A., Wilkinson-Flicker, S., Diliberti M., Barmer, A., Bullock Mann, F., & Dunlop Velez, E. (2016). The condition of education 2016 (NCES 2016-144). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2016/2016144.pdf

McFarland, J., Hussar, B., de Brey, C., Snyder, T., Wang, X., Wilkinson-Flicker, S., Gebrekristos, S., Zhang, J., Rathbun, A., Barmer, A., Bullock Mann, F., and Hinz, S. (2017). The condition of education 2017 (NCES 2017- 144). U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2017/2017144.pdf

National Center for Education Statistics. (2014). Institutional retention and graduation rates for undergraduate students. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences. https://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/pdf/Indicator_CTR/coe_ctr_2014_05.pdf

U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). Postsecondary attainment: Differences by socioeconomic status. https://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/pdf/coe_tva.pdf

Noncognitives

Brunello, G., & Schlotter, M. (2011). Non cognitive skills and personality traits: Labour market relevance and their development in education & training systems. Institute for the Study of Labor. http://ftp.iza.org/dp5743.pdf

Duckworth, A. L. (2016, March 26). Don’t grade schools on grit. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/27/opinion/sunday/dont-grade-schools-on-grit.html

Duckworth, A. L., & Peterson, C. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087–1101. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17547490

Duckworth, A. L., & Yeager, D. S. (2015). Measurement matters: Assessing personal qualities other than cognitive ability for educational purposes. Educational Researcher, 44(4), 237–251. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.3102/0013189X15584327

Gabrieli, C., Ansel, D., & Krachman, S. B. (2015). Ready to be counted: The research case for education policy action on non-cognitive skills (Working Paper). Transforming Education. http://static1.squarespace.com/static/55bb6b62e4b00dce923f1666/t/5665e1c30e4c114d99b28889/1449517507245/ReadytoBeCounted_Release.pdf

Shafer, T. (2011). Developing expertise through a deliberate practice project. International Journal of Interpreter Education, 3, 17–27. http://www.interpretereducation.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Deliberate-Practice-Article.pdf

Income and Poverty

Abner, L., Butler, S., Danziger, S., Doar, R., Ellwood, D., Gueron, J., & Waldfogel, J. (2015). Opportunity, responsibility, and security: A consensus plan for reducing poverty and restoring the American dream. American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy and Brookings Institution. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2015/12/aei-brookings-poverty-report/full-report.pdf

Aisch, G., Cox, A., & Quealy, K. (2015, May 28). You draw it: How family income predicts children’s college chances. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/05/28/upshot/you-draw-it-how-family-income-affects-childrens-college-chances.html

Belfield, C. R., & Levin, H. M. (2009). High school dropouts and the economic losses from juvenile crime in California (California Dropout Research Project Report #16). University of California Gevirtz Graduate School of Education. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239926985_High_School_Dropouts_and_The_Economic_Losses_from_Juvenile_Crime_in_California

Belfield, C. R., Levin, H. M., & Rosen, R. (2012). The economic value of opportunity youth. Corporation for National & Community Service. http://www.serve.gov/new-images/council/pdf/econ_value_opportunity_youth.pdf

Cahalan, M., Perna, L. W., Yamashita, M., Ruiz, R., & Franklin, K. (2017). Indicators of higher education equity in the United States: 2017 trend report. Pell Institute for the Study of Higher Education, Council for Education
Opportunity (COE) and Alliance for Higher Education and Democracy (AHEAD) of the University of Pennsylvania. http://pellinstitute.org/downloads/publications-Indicators_of_Higher_Education_Equity_in_the_US_2017_Historical_Trend_Report.pdf

Carnevale, A. P., Rose, S. J., & Cheah, B. (2009). The college payoff: Education, occupations, lifetime earnings. Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce. https://www2.ed.gov/policy/highered/reg/hearulemaking/2011/collegepayoff.pdf

Cohen, P. (2016, December 6). A bigger economic pie, but a smaller slice for half of the U.S. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/06/business/economy/a-bigger-economic-pie-but-a-smaller-slice-for-half-of-the-us.html

Dynarksi, S. (2017, June 2). For the poor, the graduation gap is even wider than the enrollment gap. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/02/upshot/for-the-poor-the-graduation-gap-is-even-wider-than-the-enrollment-gap.html

Gamoran, A., & Long, D. A. (2006). Equality of Educational Opportunity: A 40-year retrospective (WCER Working Paper No. 2006-9). Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin–Madison. http://www.wcer.wisc.edu/publications/workingPapers/papers.php

Leonhardt, D., & Thompson, S. A. (2020, March 6). How working-class life is killing Americans, in charts. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/03/06/opinion/working-class-death-rate.html

Lynch, R. G. (2015). The economic and fiscal consequences of improving U.S. educational outcomes. The Washington Center for Equitable Growth. http://www.unitedwaysb.org/sites/unitedwaysb.org/files/Economic%20%26%20Fiscal%20Consequences%20of%20Improving%20US%20Education.pdf

Measure twice: The impact on graduation rates of serving Pell Grant recipients. (2013). The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance. https://www.insidehighered.com/sites/default/server_files/files/Measure%20Twice%20Final.pdf

Nichols, A. H. (2015). The Pell partnership: Ensuring a shared responsibility for low-income student success. The Education Trust. https://edtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/ThePellPartnership_EdTrust_2015.pdf

Pew Research Center. (2014). The rising cost of not going to college. https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2014/02/SDT-higher-ed-FINAL-02-11-2014.pdf

Rampell, C. (2009, August 27). SAT scores and family income. The New York Times Economix Blog. http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/27/sat-scores-and-family-income/

Ross, M., & Bateman, N. (2019). Meet the low-wage workforce. Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings Institution. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/201911_Brookings-Metro_low-wage-workforce_Ross-Bateman.pdf

Warschauer, M., & Ames, M. (2010). Can one laptop per child save the world’s poor? Journal of International Affairs, 64(1), 33–51. https://webfiles.uci.edu/mgames/research/Warschauer_Ames_OLPC_JIA.pdf

Wilkenson, R., & Pickett, K. (2009). The spirit level: Why greater equality makes societies stronger. Bloomsbury Press.

Psychology and Economics

Abrams, S. E. (2016). Education and the commercial mindset. Harvard University Press.

Aronson, J. (2002). Stereotype threat: Contending and coping with unnerving expectations. In J. Aronson (Ed.), Improving academic achievement: Impact of psychological factors on education. Academic Press.

Burstein, M. (2015, March 2). The unintended consequences of borrowing business tools to run a university. The Chronicle of Higher Education. http://www.chronicle.com/article/The-Unintended-Consequences-/190489/

Evans-Pritchard, B. (2013, Winter). Aiming to reduce cleaning costs. Works That Work. https://worksthatwork.com/1/urinal-fly

Gladwell, M. (2005). Blink. Little, Brown and Company.

Horne, Z., Powell, D., Hummel, J. E., & Holyoak, K. J. (2015). Countering antivaccination attitudes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(33), 10321–10324. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1504019112

Hrobjartsson, A., & Gotzsche, P. C. (2001). Is the placebo powerless? An analysis of clinical trials comparing placebo with no treatment. New England Journal of Medicine, 344, 1594–1602. doi: 10.1056/NEJM200105243442106

Haley, K. J., & Fessler, D M.T. (2005). Nobody’s watching? Subtle cues affect generosity in an anonymous economic game. Evolution of Human Behavior, 26, 245–256. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257492174_Nobody’s_watching_Subtle_cues_affect_generosity_in

Hoff, K., & Pandey, P. (2005). Belief systems and durable inequalities: An experimental investigation of Indian caste. The World Bank. http://www-siepr.stanford.edu/conferences/Institutions2005/hoff-pandey-belief%20systems.pdf

Inagaki, T. K., & Eisenberger, N. I. (2013). Shared neural mechanisms underlying social warmth and physical warmth. Psychological Science, 24(11), 1–9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24048423

Irwin, N. (2015, September 10). How Stanford took on the giants of economics. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/upshot/how-stanford-took-on-the-giants-of-economics.html

Johnson, E. J., & Goldstein, D. (2003). Do defaults save lives? Science, 302, 1338–1339. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/302/5649/1338

Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinkingfast and slow. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Krugman, P. (2020, March 8). Thomas Piketty turns Marx on his head. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/08/books/review/capital-and-ideology-thomas-piketty.html

Nettle, D., Nott, K., & Bateson, M. (2012). ‘Cycle thieves, we are watching you’: Impact of a simple signage intervention against bicycle theft. PLoS ONE, 7(12): e51738. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0051738

Porter, E. (2017, January 10). Prisons run by C.E.O.s? Privatization under Trump could carry a heavy price. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/10/business/economy/privatization-trump.html

Steele, C., & Aronson, J. (1995). Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 797- 811.

Thaler, R. H. (2015, May 8). Unless you are Spock, irrelevant things matter in economic behavior. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/10/upshot/unless-you-are-spock-irrelevant-things-matter-in-economic-behavior.html

Tierney, J. (2011, August 17). Do you suffer from decision fatigue? The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/21/magazine/do-you-suffer-from-decision-fatigue.html

Words ‘can change what we smell’. (2005, September 26). BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4558075.stm

Statistics, Research, Methodology, and Flawed Findings

Aschwanden, C. (2016, March 24). Failure is moving science forward. Five Thirty Eight. https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/failure-is-moving-science-forward/

Aschwanden, C., & King, R. (2015, August 9). Science isn’t broken. Five Thirty Eight. http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/science-isnt-broken/

Belluz, J., & Hoffman, S. (2015, January 5). The one chart you need to understand any health study. Vox. https://www.vox.com/2015/1/5/7482871/types-of-study-design

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155–159. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19565683/

Frakt, A. (2019, August 26). Why doctors still offer treatments that may not help. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/26/upshot/why-doctors-still-offer-treatments-that-may-not-help.html

Ioannidis, J. P. A. (2005). Why most published research findings are false. PLoS Med, 2(8): e124. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1182327/

Joober, R., Schmitz, N., Annable, L., & Boksa, P. (2012). Publication bias: What are the challenges and can they be overcome? Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience : JPN, 37(3), 149–52. https://dx.doi.org/10.1503%2Fjpn.120065

Lesik, S. A. (2006). Applying the regression-discontinuity design to infer causality with non-random assignment. The Review of Higher Education, 30(1), 1–19. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/203468/pdf

Nosek, B. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349(6251). http://science.sciencemag.org/content/349/6251/aac4716

Russell, B. (1926). Education and the good life. Boni & Liveright, Inc.

U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, What Works Clearinghouse. (n.d.). WWC group design standards online training. https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/onlinetraining

Yong, E. (2019, May 17). A waste of 1,000 research papers. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/05/waste-1000-studies/589684/